However, the Indiana law departs significantly from existing federal and state “religious freedom” statutes, for two reasons. First, it has specifically extended religious freedom protection to for-profit businesses that have no religious purpose or connection. Second, it allows a “religious freedom” legal defense for an individual or corporation that is sued by a private party (i.e., not the government). (See Garrett Epps’ excellent explication of these issues here). The relatively plain purpose of the law is to explicitly allow businesses to enact a variety of doctrinal tests governing their business, and then to be able to defend themselves in court from the inevitable discrimination claims on the basis of exercising their religious freedom. The Indiana RFRA was passed for a very different purpose than its federal cousin, and it is the underlying discriminatory motivation for the legislation – an intent that is clear in the alteration of its language – that makes it so pernicious.